Considerations about a Legal System
A legal system refers to the set of rules and legal principles that govern a particular society. It is comprised of a hierarchical system of laws, regulations, treaties, jurisprudence, and customs that establish the rights, duties, and responsibilities of individuals and institutions within that society.
The legal system provides the legal framework that regulates relationships between individuals and entities, as well as the exercise of power and the resolution of conflicts. It is designed to ensure social order, justice, and the protection of fundamental rights.
A legal system generally includes a constitution as the fundamental norm that establishes principles and basic rights of citizens. From the constitution, laws are developed and enacted that cover specific areas of law, such as civil law, criminal law, administrative law, labor law, among others. These laws are enacted by legislators and enforced by courts and competent authorities.
In addition to laws, the legal system may also consist of regulations issued by administrative authorities, international treaties ratified by the country, and jurisprudence, which is the body of court decisions that interpret and apply the laws.
It is important to note that a legal system is dynamic and evolves over time to adapt to social, political, and cultural changes. The processes of creating, amending, and repealing laws are established within the legal system itself, following the procedures set forth by the current legislation.