Who commits a Hate Crime and how is this Crime punished according to Spanish Law?
Who commits a hate crime?
Specifically, a hate crime is committed by anyone who publicly promotes hatred, hostility, discrimination or violence against a group (or a person who belongs to a group) for any of the following reasons:
For racist reasons, for example, promoting anti-Semitism.
For reasons of ideology, for example, for belonging to a certain political party (not illegalized).
For reasons of religion, for example, discriminating against Muslims because of their beliefs.
Because of their sexual orientation, for example, promoting violence against homosexuals.
Because of their sex, for example, discriminating against transsexuals.
Because of their gender, for example, discriminating against women.
Because of their nationality, for example, discriminating against Moroccans because they are foreigners.
For reasons of ethnicity, for example, promoting violence against people of color.
For reasons of illness, for example, discriminating against people with AIDS.
Because of disability, for example, bullying a person with autism or down syndrome.
For reasons of their family situation, for example, fomenting hatred against divorcees.
How is hate crime punished?
The hate crime is punishable by a sentence of 1 to 4 years in prison and a fine of 6 to 12 months.
If the promotion of hatred or violence is done through any means of communication or on the Internet, for example, on social networks, the judge will impose a sentence in the upper half, that is, a prison sentence of 2 to 4 years and a fine of 9 to 12 months.